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  • Siliceous duricrusts as palaeoclimatic indicators
    Siliceous duricrusts as palaeoclimatic indicators

    Dec 01, 1994 Dec 01, 1994 ELSEVIER Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 112 ( 1994 ) 279-295 Siliceous duricrusts as palaeoclimatic indicators: evidence from the Kalahari Desert of Botswana David J. Nash a, David S.G. Thomas b, Paul A. Shaw c Earth and Environmental Science Research Unit, University of Brighton, Mithras House, Lewes Road, Brighton BN2 4AT, UK b

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  • Tracing silicon cycling in the Okavango Delta, a sub
    Tracing silicon cycling in the Okavango Delta, a sub

    Oct 01, 2014 Oct 01, 2014 Here, we present 82 δ 30 Si measurements from surface waters, pore waters, biogenic silica (BSi), clays, sand and vegetation from the Okavango Delta, Botswana, a freshwater sub-tropical, flood-pulse wetland. Hydrologically, the Okavango is dominated by evapotranspiration water losses to the atmosphere

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  • The chemistry of silica and its potential health benefits
    The chemistry of silica and its potential health benefits

    Very little toxicity data exist regarding aqueous silica consumption due, in part, to the lack of anecdotal reports of toxicity and general presumption of safety. However, a few rodent studies have been conducted, which indicate a No Observed Adverse Effects

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  • Emission Factors for Abrasive Materials
    Emission Factors for Abrasive Materials

    Phase 2 of the abrasive blasting study was performed in a customized containment and ventilation system. Fewer slags were tested than in Phase 1. They included one coal slag , one copper slag, 2 silica sand abrasives, one garnet abrasive, one steel grit abrasive, and one staurolite abrasive

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  • SODA ASH PRODUCTION AND BENEFICIATION
    SODA ASH PRODUCTION AND BENEFICIATION

    synopsis of Botswana’s Soda Ash Value Proposition. OVERVIEW OF THE BOTSWANA MINING SECTOR The Botswana mining sector ranks among the highest in Africa on investment returns and policy perception. Botswana remains at the top of BMI’s Mining Risk/Reward Index with a score of 59.6 out of 100 in 2016. The country’s high score in the index is

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  • CASE STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SAND
    CASE STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SAND

    through sand and gravel mining for construction of modern, attractive and durable structures. The study examined positive and negative environmental impacts of the continuous removal of river sand, pit sand and gravel from sampled rivers and open areas surrounding Gaborone developing Central Business District, malls and private properties in city

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  • Impact of silica mining on environment
    Impact of silica mining on environment

    limestone, pyrophyllite, silica sand, sulphur etc. Silica sand refers to sand having the composition and grain-size distribution required for industrial applications. Quartz or silicon dioxide (SiO2) is one of the most common minerals found on the Earth’s surface and is

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  • CHAPTER 2 Need and potential for underground disposal
    CHAPTER 2 Need and potential for underground disposal

    It should be noted that with the use of the techniques selected for the Low- ... Treatment level depends on local conditions and potential impacts at water tables and most of the times should be a third level one. ... silica sand; and construction materials, including a wide range of different types of marble [6]

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  • Environmental Quality Board
    Environmental Quality Board

    Study environmental issues of interdepartmental concern ... c. List of Silica Sand Project Potential Impacts ..... 169 d. Recommendations, Standards, Criteria, Considerations ..... 169 E.8. Critical Natural Habitat Acquired by the Commissioner of Natural Resources under

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  • In-Depth Survey Report - CDC
    In-Depth Survey Report - CDC

    Proppant sand must be ≥99% silica, within a certain range of mesh sizes, smooth-edged and highly spherical. It must also pass tests of crush resistance, low acid solubility and low turbidity [API 2008]. Although hydraulic fracturing has been in use since the 1940s, its use for recovering oil and gas from tight formations has

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  • "Materials Studio" Simulation Study of the Adsorption and
    "Materials Studio" Simulation Study of the Adsorption and

    Nov 22, 2020 Nov 22, 2020 Although some experiments have been carried out to study the strengthening behavior and characteristics of silica sand for sodium silicate sand,1,2,3,4,5,6, – 7 the use of active/inactive silica is used in the strengthening mechanism and chemical effects of sodium silicate and silica surface film are not yet clear. Inactive silica is a

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  • SODA ASH PRODUCTION AND BENEFICIATION - Go
    SODA ASH PRODUCTION AND BENEFICIATION - Go

    THE BOTSWANA SODA ASH SECTOR Botswana Soda Ash Industry Structure The Botswana Ash (Pty) Ltd (BotAsh), the only extractor of Soda Ash, is a 50/50 partnership between the Government of Botswana and ChlorAlk ali Holdings (CAH) Group, a South African based company, which is also the management partner. Botswana Ash has a capacity

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  • Social Impacts of Industrial Silica Sand (Frac Sand
    Social Impacts of Industrial Silica Sand (Frac Sand

    Industrial Silica Sand (Frac Sand) Mining: Land Use and Value By Mark Krumenacher and Isaac Orr ... expanded are worries about the potential impacts of sand mining on the environment, including ... the latest scientific data on the general environmental2 and economic3 aspects of industrial sand mining. The third study in the series focused

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  • Silica, Crystalline (Respirable Size) Properties
    Silica, Crystalline (Respirable Size) Properties

    Jul 01, 1990 Jul 01, 1990 Naturally occurring silica materials are classified by end use or indus-try. Sand and gravel are produced almost exclusively for road build-ing and concrete construction, depending on particle size and shape, surface texture, and porosity (IARC 1987). Silica sand deposits, commonly quartz or derived from quartz, typically have a silica content

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  • Industrial Silica Sand Market | Global Industry Report, 2030
    Industrial Silica Sand Market | Global Industry Report, 2030

    The global industrial silica sand market is estimated to grow at considerable rate during the forecast period of 2020 to 2030. One of the key reasons attributed to this growth is increased use of silica sand in diverse applications including construction, glass making, and hydraulic fracturing or fracking

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  • Global Silica Industry Outlook | Growth | Edition 2021
    Global Silica Industry Outlook | Growth | Edition 2021

    May 31, 2021 Based on the applications, glass manufacturer and oil industries are the dominating silica applications. Together, they consumed about 58% of the total silica production. With approximately 70% of each glass batch being silica sand, float glass and glass container manufacturers are countable for the most use of silica sand

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